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Additional Treatments / Procedures

Texas Stroke Institute physicians practice multi-disciplinary medicine to drive best practice in patient care.

Treatment Procedures to Open Up Blood Vessels (Recanalization procedures)

  • Acute Stroke: Intra-venous and Intra-arterial thrombolysis or clot-dissolving therapy
  • Acute Stroke: Mechanical clot-aspiration therapy
  • Acute Stroke: Mechanical thrombectomy or clot-retrieval therapy
  • Retinal Strokes: Intra-arterial thrombolysis or clot-dissolving therapy
  • Cerebral Vasospasm: Intra-arterial vaso-dilator therapy
  • Cerebral Vasospasm: Proximal and distal balloon angioplasty
  • Cerebral Sinus Thrombosis: Intra-arterial thrombolysis or clot dissolving therapy
  • Cerebral Sinus Thrombosis: Mechanical clot-retrieval therapy
  • Carotid artery stenosis or blockage: Carotid Angioplasty and Stenting
  • Vertebral artery stenosis or blockage: Vertebral Angioplasty and Stenting
  • Subclavian Steal Syndrome: Subclavian Angioplasty and Stenting
  • Intracranial stenosis or blockage: Intracranial Angioplasty and Stenting
  • Takayasu’s arteritis: Balloon Angioplasty of the origin of great vessels

Treatment procedures to close up blood vessels (Embolization procedures)

  • Unruptured Cerebral Aneurysm: Coiling including Stent-assisted coiling
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage from aneurysm rupture: Coiling
  • Pediatric Cerebral Aneurysms: Coiling
  • Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM): An abnormal communication between an artery and vein that may be present at birth or may result from injury or infection. Blood may flow directly from the artery to the vein, bypassing the small vessels where oxygen and tissue nutrients are exchanged. These unusual malformations are often found in the brain and spinal cord, but may occur anywhere in the body.
    • A tangle of dilated blood vessels that disrupts normal blood flow in the brain.
  • Treatment: Pre-surgical glue or ONYX embolization
  • Carotid Cavernous Fistula: Trans-arterial and Trans-venous embolization
  • Dural Arteriovenous Fistula: Pre-surgical glue or ONYX embolization
  • Vein of Galen Malformation: Trans-arterial & Trans-venous embolization
  • Head & Neck Vascular Malformations: Glue or ONYX embolization
  • Spinal Vascular Malformations: Pre-surgical glue or ONYX embolization
  • Epistaxis or nose bleeds: PVA Particulate embolization
  • Traumatic Vascular Lesions: Trans-arterial glue or coil embolization
  • Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibromas (JNA): Pre-surgical particulateembolization
  • Paragangliomas: Pre-surgical particulate embolization
  • Head and Neck Tumors: Pre-surgical PVA particulate embolization
  • Meningiomas: Pre-surgical PVA particulate embolization
  • Brain Tumors: Intra-arterial chemotherapy and blood brain barrier disruption
  • Retinoblastomas: Intra-arterial chemotherapy
  • Vertebral or Spine Tumors: Pre-surgical PVA particulate embolization

Other Treatment Procedures

  • Multiple Myeloma or Osteoporosis: Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty
  • Sciatica or Low back pain: Epidural Steroid Injection
  • Back pain due to arthritis: Facet Joint Injection